In spite of all the precautions taken in order to avoid an accident, there is no zero risk! Therefore, not only the establishments but also the authorities draw up contingency plans.
The internal contingency plan of the establishment
For lower limit as well as upper limit establishments, the operator draws up an internal contingency plan in case an accident would occur on-site.
The external contingency plans for the authorities
The provisions of the royal decree of 22/05/2019 regarding the contingency and intervention plans, as well as of the law of December 31st, 1963 on the civil protection compel the boroughs and governors to draw up contingency plans aiming at guaranteeing safety on their territory. These plans fix the measures to be taken in order to organize the aid services in emergency situations.
Beside the internal contingency plan of the operator, there are three kinds of contingency plans for the authorities:
- the general contingency and intervention plan (PGUI)
- the particular contingency and intervention plan (PPUI)
- the mono-disciplinary intervention plan
Each province and borough draws up a PGUI which includes the main principles for the management of an emergency situation.
The goal is to limit the consequences of an emergency situation thanks to a thorough preparation through:
- risk identification and analysis;
- trainings and exercises management;
- warning systems;
- a crisis infrastructure;
- the involved services and the missions;
- the information to the population;
- the preparation to the return to normal conditions,
In order to complete this PGUI, particular contingency and intervention plans (PPUI) can also be drawn up. They contain the specific terms and means for a well-determined risk: protection clothes, routes for the aid services,...